• Use 4 space indentation and not tabs
  • Use underscores for scss file naming
  • Use double-quotes " for all text values
  • Use dashes to separate class/id names, not camelCase or underscore
  • Do not overuse nesting! If you got only one instance, use one line
  • Always add a space after the colon
  • Only write one css property per line
  • Keep sass/layout/ clean and use the available structure
  • Use sass/sites/ for theme based or specific styles
  • Define settings within sass/settings/
  • Avoid referencing css using their parent like div.container
  • Use shorthands for values like #ccc or white
  • Use full words instead of shorthands like number instead of nr
  • Avoid using universal selectors for maintainability/performance reasons
  • Use progressive enhancement whenever possible
  • Validation is not required but nice


Use block-style and group elements underneath:

  1. includes (compass includes)
  2. extending
  3. visibility, position
  4. color, font-size, line-height, font-* (font relevant data)
  5. width, height, padding, margin (box model relevant date)
  6. border, background (box style data)
  7. media, print (media queries)
  8. :after, :before, :active (pseudo elements)

Combine attributes such as background-image, background-color, background-repeat into background: #fff url("image.png") no-repeat left top;.

Also ensure combined css selectors are always on a new line.


.addon-blog {
    // mixins
    @include border-radius(3px);
    @include box-shadow(0 0 2px #eee);
    // extending
    @extend .list-unstyled;
    // styles
    display: inline;
    position: relative;
    z-index: 1;
    color: white;
    font-size: 16px;
    line-height: 20px;
    width: 80%;
    height: 80%;
    padding: 5px;
    margin: 0 auto;
    border: 2px solid #ccc;
    background: #ddd;
    // desktop and up
    @media (min-width: $screen-md-min) {
        display: block;
    // pseudo elements
    &:hover {
        color: black;


With great power comes great responsibility (just wanted to throw that in here). When writing in sass or less we sometimes forget performance over laziness. While nesting is very powerful, we should avoid unnecessary levels or blocks that can be achieved simpler. A good example is the following code:

.nav-main {
    ul {
        li {
            a {
                color: red;

This can be optimised in various ways. First of all, we don’t need the additional nesting. When no other styles are needed just simply write compact: .nav-main ul li a { color: red; }

Another optimisation is to think about the required declaration levels. Do we really need the ul li to declare our anchor red? Can it just simply be .nav-main a { color: red }?

When we are using multiple styles, we might even consider a structure such as:

.nav-main {
    ul {
        @extend list-reset;
    li {
        padding: 5px 10px;
    a {
        color: red;

Which makes our code more structured and readable.